Ficus trees are native to tropical regions of the world, with many popular varieties coming from Africa, Asia, and Europe. The dense, rounded canopy and gracefully drooping branches of Weeping Fig made it quite popular as a landscape tree until recently. Ficus trees are reasonably resistant to pests and diseases. Both of these varieties grow readily, and if you don’t prune them, they can reach heights of up to 6-feet. Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. Characteristics of Ficus Carica Miniature cultivars like "Too Little' are popular for bonsai. Fill the pot with a high-quality potting mix, and leave a space for the root ball of the plant. Some ficus varieties contain latex in the leaves. The weeping fig tree (Ficus benjamina), also known as Benjamin fig tree or simply ficus tree, is a very popular and easy-to-care-for houseplant.Of all the species in the genus Ficus, this one is the best for indoor cultivation.Learn how to care for a weeping fig indoors in this blog. The leaf is used for conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and skin conditions. However, in order to yield properly, Ficus Benjamina need tropical pollinating wasps. GardenBeast is an online publication which launched in 2019 with the aim of providing the latest news, in-depth how-to guides and reviews of popular products to help you make the most from your back yards and gardens. There are a few diseases that might affect your ficus tree, but as long as you don’t keep it in a drafty location, it should stay disease-free. Minute, unisexual, enclosed in fleshy receptacle (fig), entered by apical orifice and pollinated by fig wasps. If the plants experience a wind chill, they will drop leaves. What are the Pest and Diseases Affecting Ficus Trees? NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to During dormancy, the ficus recovers from all of the stress of the growing season. Therefore, the best strategy is to leave them in one area for their entire lifetime, the less you move the plant, the stronger it grows. Weak winter light made many of the white patches turn green. Trailing types look fantastic when hanging from flower baskets on the patio. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ficus plants are also susceptible to disease, making them prone to insect infestations as well. Folded in towards the midrib and droop down towards the ground. This fig fruit can be eaten raw or it can be used in cooking. The plant does not require misting. Live Ficus Benjaminaaka Weeping Fig Tree, from Amazon. Though there are many other ornamentally grown figs, only this one has drooping thin leaves and tapering tips. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) is the main topic of the article, that gives the botanical description, the properties and the uses of plant. Add a layer of pebbles or stones at the bottom of the container for additional drainage. Ficus benjaminia is a very popular houseplant because of its tolerance of poor growing conditions. Weeping ficus or fig is one of the most popular houseplants found in homes, offices, and interior landscaping. Press the soil down to remove any air pockets, and then water the soil thoroughly. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors, 100 feet (30 meters) outdoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix Exposure – bright light but no direct sunlight They are very rich in vitamins and minerals. Once you place them in their pot in your home, they don’t enjoy moving. Advertiser Disclosure: It is widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental tree or hedge. comosa Panigrahi & Murti Ficus benjamina var. Noteworthy Characteristics Ficus benjamina, commonly called weeping fig, is native from India to northern Australia. Asthma caused by Ficus benjamina latex : evidence of cross-reactivity with fig fruit and papain / Diez-Gomez M L, Quirce S, Aragoneses E and Cuevas M / Annual Meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, San Diego, California, 1998, vol. Ficus Benjamina, or the weeping fig, is a popular indoor variety. Give the ficus at least a month to settle in the container. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Ficus trees are not toxic to people and pets, and they’re safe to have around your home. The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. To bring the plant back to life in the spring, just water the roots, and it will start to produce new leaf shoots. 1). Ficus benjamina is a fig tree that is commonly grown indoors. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. Ficus Diseases, Plant Diseases, Penn State Extension; How to Care for Ficus Benjamina; Caring for Bonsai Ficus Trees; This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice … Fiddle Leaf Ficus, or Ficus Lyrata, is another popular variety for use as a houseplant. Branches will weep toward the ground forming a canopy so dense t… It is sometimes confused with Ficus microcarpa, which is actually less weepy and more upright. Therefore, chose a pot that’s a little bigger than a half-gallon ice cream container when potting your ficus tree. What are the Light Requirements for Ficus Trees? When planting your ficus, most gardeners use them as pot plants inside the home. Ficus benjamina Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Rosales Family: Moraceae Tribe: Ficeae Genus: Ficus Subgenus: F. subg. You can braid of shape the branches and trees to create a beautiful bonsai. 'Exotica' Light green leaves. Ficus benjamina ‘Variegata’ I took the photo in winter. This evergreen houseplant has long stems and the long leaves give the indoor tree a bushy appearance. However, ficus trees can be somewhat picky. A globose to slightly oblong fig, in pairs, green maturing to reddish then purple-black. You can make new ficus trees from your existing plants using the non-woody stem cutting method. During this period, the roots establish in the soil. Don’t be afraid to trim back the tree as new shoots appear fast and turn into leaves in a few days. Urostigma Species: F. benjamina Binomial name Ficus benjamina L. 1767 Range of the species Ficus benjamina. Hollie is a life-long gardener, having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5. Contact her at hollie@gardenbeast.com or follow on twitter https://twitter.com/greenholliec. However, ficus is a hardy plant, and it’s easy to bring them back to health with the right care, even if they’re at death’s door. Cut back to the new nodes, and the shoots will start to grow at the tips. If you cut a leaf, you’ll notice a thick, milky-shite substance come from the wound. Ficus benjamina is certainly one of the favorite plants all around, and deserves to be taken care of diligently.. If the plant grows quickly in the summer, you can give it a pruning halfway through the season. 80, no 1, pp. These plants enter a dormancy period during the winter, and they don’t require any water or fertilizer during this time. It has been shown to effectively remove indoor air pollutants. Fruits also edible; Ficus pumila, ripe fruit; Ficus racemosa, ripe fruit edible, unripe fruits picked, young shoots eaten raw or cooked; and, Ficus sycomorus, fruit edible, leaves eaten in soups. Tree-types are an excellent choice for standalone-plants in the house. The species that come from Africa don’t need much water to survive, but they prefer if the soil remains moist during the growing season. However, if you let the soil dry out too much, you might find that you have to deal with a spider mite infestation. If the nursery keeps them under a shaded netting, then you’ll need to acclimatize the plant by taking out in the early morning sun for two hours before leaving it back under the shade for protection from the harsh midday UV rays. Place the roots into the hole and backfill the hole with potting soil. Twisted. 'Golden King' Yellow and cream margins. 78-136 Ficus benjamina -- commonly called the weeping fig, the small-leaved rubber plant or the Benjamin fig tree -- is a broadleaf evergreen shrub typically kept as a houseplant. This is an attractive plant that carries glossy ovate leaves, which can reach about 5 inches (12 cm) in length. The fruits of this tree are known as fig. Ficus Benjamina and Frost Damage. 1. associated with the mulberry family (Moraceae) 2. genus: Ficus 3. name of variety: Ficus tree (Ficus benjamina) 4. evergreen tree or shrub 5. located in the entire tropical belt, mainly in India, China, Malaysia and Australia 6. dark green, light green or creamy white, shiny leaves 7. growth height in indoor cultivation from 200 to 300 cm, rarely higher 8. leaf shapes: oval, obovate, ovate-lanceolate with smooth or curly edge 9. creamy whi… The flowers are tiny, but produce a showy fruit. Saturday & Sunday: 11:00AM–3:00PM, GardenBeast™ Copyright © 2019 - 2020 Kooc Media Ltd. All rights reserved. Alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy, 2-5 in. Prefers medium to high light, a bright spot; prefers dry soil and medium relative humidity with a temperature of greater than 55 degrees F; withstands heavy pruning; water with care, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings, applying very little during winter months; pest/disease problems. Type above and press Enter to search. Ficus trees make for fantastic indoor or outdoor growing, and all varieties do well as bonsai trees as well. The thick, shiny, two to five-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a deep red. When transplanting, it’s vital that you don’t let the root ball dry out. Its ability to disinfect and purify the air makes it very useful for families. When gardeners give their ficus everything it needs, they thrive. What are the Soil Requirements for Ficus Trees? Newer stems have small furrows. What Are the Best Varieties of Ficus Trees? Flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. bracteata Corner Ficus benjamina var comosa Kurz Ficus benjamina subsp. long (12 cm) generously clothe the long branches. International House, Synonyms Synonymy Ficus benjamina var. Origin. Variegated cultivars exist. Ficus trees are a tropical species that enjoy warm and humid climates. Make sure that you only use the non-woody shoots from the tree as your cutting. 'Starlight Variegated leaves. Ficus tend to get leggy if you don’t keep them under control. ✔ We Released The Ficus Benjamina HandBook CLICK HERE TO LEARN MORE >> They are elegant and grow dense, glossy dark foliage, although, when stressed, it will shed its leaves easily. The branches and trunk can get leggy if you leave it alone to its own devices. The ficus (Ficus benjamina) also needs a corresponding mineral portion, which may be a little coarser. Ficus Carcia is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family. Some links may be affiliate links. It’s a member of the Ficus genus of plants, which also includes rubber trees and fig fruit trees, but when it comes to houseplants, most people refer to a weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) as simply a ficus. It is also commonly known as the weeping fig. Evergreen to semi-evergreen tree to 30', graceful and upright. 61 Mosley Street, Manchester, Some people may have allergies to latex and should avoid getting the latex liquid on their skin. It has slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk. Weeping fig is one of the best plants for improving air qu… There are dozens of ficus varieties available from online retailers and nurseries. We recommend you use a sharp pair of pruning scissors and some protective gardening gloves when pruning your ficus. Glossy, slender-pointed ovate leaves, 5 in. Ficus in enjoy well-lit areas in the home that are free of drafts. It performs best in bright sunny locations but will also survive in shade. Take the cutting at a 45-degree angle, and then dip the tip of the cutting into rooting hormone. Prune the ficus in the wintertime before it enters the dormancy period. Two factoids: Figs are pollinated by a wasp that crawls into the developing fruit. The trees are notable for their glossy green, ovoid foliage that taper to a point. This is a huge tree growing to 60 feet tall and 60 to 100 feet wide. Ficus microcarpa ostiole has a 3 way slit Ficus benjamina ostiole is a circular hole Ficus microcarpa branches grow strongly upwards Ficus benjamina branches are drooping or weeping. 'Variegata' Leaves Close-Up (Mecklenburg County,NC), Tropical & Subtropical Asia and Northern Australia, Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. You’ll need to decide if you want a tree-type or trailing ficus. Leave the cutting in the rooting hormone for a few minutes, and then transfer to a small container with potting mix. This is a huge tree growing to 60 feet tall and 60 to 70 feet wide (Fig. When positioning your ficus indoors, place them in an area of the home where they are away from drafted and air-conditioning vents. Keep in mind that all of the blossoms are female, so it means the tree pollinates itself. Water regularly to keep soil from completely drying out. Family Moraceae . Its “blossoms” all face inward. An evergreen shrub or tree with drooping branches, the leaves are alternate, simple, long-tipped, and glossy. Ovate-elliptic to oblong, acuminate, rotund, entire, glabrous, coriaceous, 8-12 pairs of lateral veins. The flowers and fruits are enclosed in a fleshy sac that turns from green to orange-red to red and then purplish black. Ficus trees can grow large when left unmanaged. The tree may shed its leaves and even appear dead. Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. It is undemanding and easy to cultivate. The optimum pH value for the ficus is between 6.5 and 7. Name – Ficus benjamina Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. After a month, you can feed your ficus using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer. Ficus are reasonably drought-resistant plants. You can find ficus in all types of heights and textures, with weeping ficus and fiddle ficus being popular indoor bonsai trees. GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. If aphids or spider mites start to invade your ficus, it will begin to drop leaves. Many gardeners find growing ficus plants a challenging but rewarding experience. If you consider the site and soil conditions, a ficus (Ficus benjamina) is basically very easy to maintain. Both of these varieties grow readily, and if you don’t prune them, they can reach heights of up to 6-feet. Learn About Ficus Houseplants. Ficus benjamina is a weeping fig characterized by ovoid and shiny green leaves, dropping ornamentally. What are the Humidity and Temperature Requirements for Ficus Trees? To keep your ficus tree in a bonsai format, you’ll need to prune the branches and leavers that get unruly. The common fig (Ficus carica) is cultivated for its pear-shaped edible fruits, which are really hollow fleshy receptacles (syconia) containing hundreds of male and female flowers. Let the soil dry out until it’s dry if you poke your finger and inch below the surface. The thick, shiny, two to four-inch-long, evergreen leaves generously clothe the long branches, and the tiny figs eventually turn a yellow, orange, or dark red when ripe. What is commonly referred to as a ficus is technically a weeping fig. It is very sensitive to light so if the plant is moved, expect it to drop leaves and produce new ones that are accustomed to the new light conditions. Ficus plants are a common houseplant, as they are easy to maintain. Kooc Media Ltd Ficus include the huge banyan trees on the Big Island of Hawaii, the fig tree you are growing in your garden for the fruit, rubber trees and the smaller ornamental ficus used as houseplants. Kumquat Tree Guide: How to Grow & Care For Kumquat Trees, Bloodgood Japanese Maple Tree Guide: How to Care for “Acer palmatum”, Ficus Alii Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Ficus binnendijkii ‘Alii’”, Sedum Spurium Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Red Carpet” Succulents, Best Automatic Chicken Coop Door Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Best Indoor Plant Stand Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Sambucus Nigra Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Black Lace”. Ficus trees prefer humid environments if you want them to grow fleshy, colorful leaves. Otherwise known as fig trees, the ficus is a popular indoor and outdoor tree in gardens and homes across the United States. Ficus trees don’t need much fertilizer during the growing season. The foliage does recover quickly, and even if it drops to the point where there are only a few leaves left, it can come back to its former glory in a few weeks with the right care. 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