Regulatory mechanisms help control and maintain sodium levels. Both these abnormal sodium states in the body can be harmful and seniors and their caregivers have to be prudent with regards to dietary sodium intake – not too much but not too little either. Without it, the normal water levels in the body cannot be maintained and nerve and muscle function would be severely compromised. Sodium levels in the blood have to be tightly controlled. Sodium is dissolved in the body’s fluids like the blood and tissue fluid. The Effects of Low Sodium in the Elderly | 2020 In the elderly, alterations in kidney function can affect the way your body concentrates urine and processes sodium. The urinary sodium level (>20 mEq/L), urinary osmolality (>100 mOsm/kg), and low serum uric acid levels are findings that supported the diagnosis of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (also known as the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone, or SIADH). They can also have overly high levels of water in the blood, which reduces the overall blood sodium concentration, according to Mayo Clinic. Headaches may be a sign of severe hyponatremia or another serious medical condition and warrant prompt medical attention. However, it is often portrayed in a negative light as being a major health risk and rightfully so – high sodium levels are a major contributing factor in conditions such as high blood pressure (hypertension). Neurological changes are among the first signs of low sodium, an electrolyte that affects your fluid volume, nerve and muscle function. In many cases, too much water in the body dilutes the sodium, causing the … Copyright Policy Test Results. Although certain behavioral or cognitive changes may point to a low sodium level, the only way to confirm that you have low sodium, or hyponatremia, is through blood tests. Sodium concentration is higher in the bloodstream than inside cells. Did you know? Liver failure may also affect the amount of sodium in your bloodstream. Privacy Policy The treatment of dehydration includes the administration of fluids, either orally or intravenously. Balancing Your Fluid Intake and Output Limit your water intake to 1–1.5 L (34–51 fl oz) per day if … She's almost 94 and has been battling low sodium for the last couple of years. This condition may be due to a variety of reasons including: over consumption of fluids, vomiting, diarrhea, burns, kidney disorders and a variety of other diseases. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Heart disease may lead to low blood sodium levels. Varicose Veins, Dental Health Hyponatremia is present when levels drop below 135 mEq/L. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. Skin Problems Know the causes, symptoms, and treatment of hyponatremia in elderly. Sodium deficiency is also known as hyponatremia. A low sodium level in the blood is called hyponatremia and can be caused by several things. When the levels of sodium in the blood go down, you have to face a lot of problems. Hyponatremia is a low sodium concentration in the blood. Your heart function affects the volume of fluids in your body. Symptoms can be absent, mild or severe. Endocrine diseases affecting the thyroid and adrenal glands. Get the latest and accurate info on senior health, Skin Cancer (Malignant Tumors) in the Elderly. This can cause mild symptoms of nausea and headaches and eventually lead to rapid brain swelling and death. Copyright © 2020 Osteoporosis Age, race and diet are certain factors which affect one’s chance of getting hyponatremia.