Huey Long speaking to a rural crowd on the courthouse steps. In the face of entrenched opposition from the old guard, he launched an unprecedented program to build the state’s infrastructure and provide education and economic opportunity to the masses. He expanded the campus, tripled enrollment, and built LSU into one of the best schools in the South and the eleventh largest state university in the country. Courtesy of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge. Where are the institutions to care for the sick and disabled? Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), nicknamed The Kingfish, was an American politician from the state of Louisiana.A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies.He served as Governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a U.S. senator from 1932 to 1935. Governor Huey P. Long. Your tears in this country, around this oak, have lasted for generations. Senator (1932 – 1935). Public education was virtually non-existent among the masses, and one in four adults could not read. “…It is here under this oak where Evangeline waited for her lover, Gabriel, who never came. As gov… With each victory, he relished humiliating the "pie eating politicians" and reveled in his role as the people's champion. Unsalaried, part-time legislators received jobs and cash for doing the bidding of the corporations. Despite meager formal education, Long passed the state bar examination at age twenty-two and earned a laudable reputation with his … As Governor, Huey became an active promoter of Louisiana State University. Always the music lover, Huey wrote a catchy campaign song, “Every Man a King”, that summarized his share-the-wealth philosophy: “Every man a king, for you can be a millionaire — but there's something belonging to others — there's enough for all people to share.”. When opponents blocked Huey’s bills in the 1930 legislative session, he responded by running for the U.S. Senate as a referendum on his progams. How many times was Huey Long elected Governor of Louisiana: 2. Allen. Long was revered by the masses as a champion of the common man and demonized by the powerful as a dangerous demagogue. Having learned the value of showmanship during his salesman days, Huey dressed in his trademark white linen suits and presented himself as a country boy who never forgot his roots. Governor Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. (from the Dictionary of Louisiana Biography) LONG, Huey Pierce, governor, U. S. senator. In public, Huey P. Long boasted of his populist policy bona fides, hiding his well-to-do upbringing to convince Louisiana’s poor and working class … The alliance guaranteed support for Long’s programs and candidates in exchange for major structural improvements in New Orleans. Father of two Louisiana Governors, Huey Pierce Long and Earl Kemp Long. Read more quotes on Huey Long's political methods. Huey lowered tuition and instituted scholarship programs that enabled poor students to attend. In the 1930s, Long oversaw construction of a new state capitol building, four blocks from the Heidelberg Hotel. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), known as "The Kingfish," was a Louisiana governor (1928 – 1932) and U.S. The poll tax hindered the lower classes from voting, and the poor paid disproportionately high property taxes for state services they never received. Home > Life & Times > Campaign for Governor. Huey Long shakes hands with constituents on the courthouse steps. He attended local schools, where he was an excellent stu… Huey attracted huge crowds with his fiery speeches, and his appearances became the talk of the state. Courtesy of Louisiana State Museum. The deduct box was never found and is believed to have been stolen by one of his associates. Huey stated to a reporter, "[Cyr] is no longer lieutenant governor, and he is now nothing." Huey Long's plan to redistribute the wealth; Every person should be guaranteed at least a $2000 annual income and all income over $1 million would be taxed at 100% percent; advocated for old-age pensions, money for a college education, and veterans benefits Long, a left-wing populist, first proposed the plan in a national radio address, which is now referred to as the "Share Our Wealth Speech". As the nation plunged into the Great Depression after the stock market crash of 1929, thousands of Louisianians were at work building the state’s new infrastructure. They knew they would lose their jobs if Long lost his. Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. In 1928, Huey Long ran again for Louisiana governor, campaigning with the slogan, “Every man a king,” a phrase adopted from populist hero William Jennings Bryan. Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. Louisiana's Huey Long rose to Governor and U.S. With greater access to transportation, education and healthcare, the quality of life in Louisiana was on the upswing while the rest of the nation declined. Long's education programs were funded by increasing the severance tax on natural resources extracted from the state by various industries based on quantity, which increased state revenue particularly from the oil industry. After being elected governor of Louisiana in 1928, Long ran a successful campaign for the Senate in 1930. Politics in 1920s Louisiana was a dirty business dominated by influence peddling and cronyism. Huey Long's brother; known for helping Huey during his impeachment by visiting senators one by one and obtaining their signed agreement to vote against removing Governor Long from office. Louisiana — and its politics — would never be the same. In a state covering nearly 52,000 square miles, of which 16 percent is dominated by waterways, there existed only 300 miles of paved roads and three major bridges. Earl served as Governor from 1939-40; 1948-52; 1956-60. During Long's governorship, taxes rose 2.2% compared with a national average of 4.7%. This oak is an immortal spot, made so by Longfellow's poem, but Evangeline is not the only one who has waited here in disappointment. According to historian T. Harry Williams, "Louisiana was known as a state that levied remarkably few taxes ... not enough to support the kind of program Huey envisioned. According to historian T. Harry Williams, Long collected between $50,000 to $75,000 each election cycle from state employees, contrary to exaggerated reports that he collected a million dollars per year. Huey employed many of his predecessors’ tactics to get his programs passed; however, he never received the corporate and media support that the “Old Regular” politicians enjoyed. He was the son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr. and was the seventh of nine children in a farm-owning middle-class family. Huey Long's family on the road for his U.S. Senate campaign. To finance these improvements, Huey restructured the tax system, shifting the burden from the poor to large businesses and the state’s wealthiest citizens (see "How Did Long Pay for His Programs?" At his own expense, he printed and distributed thousands of circulars – flyers that laid out in detail his reform agenda. "Everything I did, I've had to do with one hand because I've had to fight with the other hand," he said. Meanwhile, Louisiana was widely regarded as the most backward state in the nation. (known as the Round Robin) U. S. Senator Long After only 2 years as Louisiana's Governor, Huey … Life was hard in 1920s Louisiana, with little hope of advancement for a poor majority isolated by geography. Long's ambitious road-building program was funded by bond measures that were voter-approved and backed by a gasoline tax. In later campaigns, Huey used sound trucks to amplify his voice to the far reaches of the huge crowds he attracted, and he used radio speeches to reach a state-wide audience. He fired and hired state employees at will, packed local governing boards with supporters, brow beat legislators to vote with him (or bribed them with jobs), passed scores of laws in rapid succession, reduced the powers of city governments that opposed him, and publicly ridiculed the old guard for their reactionary outrage. Huey Long first entered politics as the Governor of Louisiana in 1928. Conservatives called Long a ruthless, dictatorial and corrupt demagogue, and they relentlessly opposed all of his reforms. Give me the chance to dry the eyes of those who still weep here.”. Opponents accused Long's administration of graft and overspending, when in fact he ran a fiscally tight ship. Among its hallmarks was its rank as the tallest capitol building in the U.S. Courtesy of State Library of Louisiana. Conversely, Huey slashed personal property taxes and fees, shifting the burden of government financing from the public to industry. As governor, Huey labeled the press “the lyin’ newspapers” and started his own newspaper, The Louisiana Progress, to get his message out. Comte, Natale M. (Aritist) O n the eve of the Great Depression, Louisiana politics increasingly came to be dominated by the powerful persona of Governor-turned-Senator Huey Long and his minions. Huey reached nationwide audiences through radio broadcasts and a newspaper called The American Progress. 'Our Next Governor' Huey P. Long campaign card. He frequently attended LSU football games, giving locker room pep talks to players and advice to coaches, and he even composed the LSU fight song, “Touchdown for LSU,” which is still played before every football game. He emerged as a major figure in the populistmovement, defined both by the exceptional charisma of powerful leaders who don't like to share power and a deep passion for the plight of the working class. Look no further than Depression-Era Democratic governor Huey Long, a larger-than-life Louisianan who captured 96% of the vote and revolutionized his state. Traditional figures of Southern authority despised him, but he quickly gained a following among small independent farmers. At Huey’s inauguration, more than 15,000 supporters flocked to the capital to see one of their own take the oath as governor. Huey served as governor from 1928-1932 and was US Senator from 1930 until 1932 when he was assassinated in the state capitol building. Weiss, the story goes, was angry that Huey P. Long had orchestrated the ouster of his father-in-law, Benjamin Pavy, from a … Long created the Share Our Wealth program in 1934, which proposed new wealth redistribution … Comte, Natale M. (Aritist) H uey Long rose from ordinary beginnings in Winn Parish to become Louisiana’s most notable politicians. A brilliant orator, Long made hundreds of campaign speeches among rural voters, expressing a vision for a new Louisiana in which government would be responsive to the needs of its people. In 1930, Huey Long was elected as: Few employees complained about the deducts, because jobs were scarce. Here are three things you should know about Huey Long: He served as first the governor and then a senator for Louisiana in the late 1920s and early 1930s. He also established the LSU medical school to meet the state's desperate need for new doctors. It was there that his tyrannical characteristics and flamboyant lifestyle became evident to the public. One of Huey Long's major promises when he ran for Governor in 1928 was free: Textbooks for school children. Click below to hear Huey Long Campaign Song . He promised Louisiana’s needy citizens good roads, bridges, free hospital care, free education, and lower property taxes. Huey Long shocked the political establishment by throwing the aristocracy out of power and building a mightier political machine than the one he toppled. Huey Long is inaugurated as Governor Source: LSU Special Collection Upon his election to the Governor’s seat, he immediately began to reform the state’s bureaucracy installing his supporters in all major offices of the Louisiana state government. Traditionally, the governor marshaled support by giving out state jobs and lucrative contracts to supporters. Huey's bills met stiff opposition from many legislators and the state’s newspapers, which were financed by the state’s business interests, but Huey used wily and persuasive methods (see "Long's Political Methods") to win passage of his bills. The public soon began to see the tangible results of a massive building program to modernize Louisiana. … Former Democratic Governor of Louisiana Earl Long, portrayed by Paul Newman in this picture, was the uncle of Democratic U.S. His campaign slogan in 1928 had been borrowed from a previous populist, William Jennings Bryan: ''Every man a king'~`. To fulfill his mandate, Long mastered the patronage system his opponents had created, and he out-politicked them at every turn. 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